What’s the difference between a maintenance work request and a work order?
A work request is submitted by your staff or customers to request that work be performed on an asset.
From work request to work order
When a work request is submitted, management (often a maintenance planner) determines whether to approve them. Some of the considerations that may come up when approving requests include:
- Current budget
- Asset criticality
- Existing maintenance plans for the asset
- Age of the asset
- Severity of the issue being reported
If it would make sense to perform the requested work, then a work order is created. On the other hand, if performing work on that asset wouldn’t be advisable after considering the above issues, the request may be rejected.
This process allows you to control what work you perform in your facility. If every work request were to be completed, you’d spend a lot of time on unnecessary tasks. By handling request and orders separately, you can focus on your priorities.
Fulfilling work orders
Now, once a work request is approved, a work order is created. Work orders outline:
- The work to be done
- The name of the requesting party
- Due date
- The party who will complete the order
- Necessary parts, documents, and so on
At this point, the requested work has become mandatory—someone’s supposed to do it, and if they don’t, it will be reflected in your records.
Tracking work orders and work requests
As you complete work orders, you’ll want to track them. Doing so is key to improving reliability at your facility since it gives you insight into the following metrics:
- Schedule compliance
- Mean time between failures (MTBF) on specific assets
- Mean time to repair or replace (MTTR) assets
- Overall equipment effectiveness (OEE)
The easiest way to manage your work orders and track these metrics is with a CMMS. Currently, about 53% of facilities use computerized systems to handle their maintenance, and they streamline work order management significantly.